From burns and lacerations to fractured facial bones and dislodged teeth, facial trauma is a broad term that covers any injury that occurs to the face. Facial trauma is also often referred to as maxillofacial trauma. Any facial trauma requires emergency care with a dentist experienced in oral and maxillofacial issues. National Dental Douglaston is the experienced dental team you need. In the event of an emergency, we can help treat your facial trauma, no appointment required.
CAUSES OF FACIAL TRAUMA
There are several different causes of facial trauma:
- You get into a car accident (auto accidents are one of the leading causes of facial trauma)
- You fall and hit your face
- You take a hit to the face while playing sports
- You are hit in the face during a physical altercation
TYPES OF FACIAL TRAUMA
Facial trauma can be divided into three different categories:
- Soft tissue injuries, which include all injuries and lacerations to your soft tissues both inside and outside your mouth.
- Injuries to your facial bones. These injuries might include fractures to your jaw, your cheekbones, your nose and even your forehead.
- Injuries to your teeth. A common tooth injury with facial trauma is tooth avulsion, or having a tooth knocked out.
INJURIES TO YOUR SOFT TISSUES
Soft tissue injuries involve any injury to the soft tissues of your face as well as inside your mouth. This can include such injuries as a serious burn or a laceration. Treating soft tissue injuries is extremely important, not just for the appearance of your face, but for your health as well. Your soft tissues contain nerves, salivary glands, and ducts. Lacerating these features of your face can lead to serious repercussions. Immediate treatment helps to reconnect any nerves or ducts that get injured and restore their function.
FACIAL BONE INJURIES
Any bone fracture needs to be set. However, facial bones cannot be set like any other type of bone. Your face cannot just be put in a cast. Instead, we have a couple of different options for treating fractured facial bones. One option is through wiring your jaw closed, helping to stabilize the damaged bone. The only disadvantage is that you lose many of the functions of your mouth. The other option is with plates and screws, which work together to hold your bone together and allow it to heal. In many cases, the hardware is never removed. Unlike wiring, you have full use of your mouth with plates and screws.
INJURIES TO YOUR TEETH
Facial trauma can cause serious damage to your teeth. This includes having them knocked out. Fortunately, even if a tooth is completely knocked out, there is still a chance to save it. If you find the tooth, pick it up by the crown and rinse it off under water. Avoid touching the root end with your fingers. Preserve the tooth in a sealed jar of milk until you can get to the office. In most cases, we can successfully reseat the tooth, avoiding the need for replacement.
If you are faced with facial trauma, a highly experienced dentist is needed. Contact National Dental Douglaston at (718) 557-9882 right away.